Human Rights Council

Human Rights Situation in Palestine and Other Occupied Arab Territories

Study Guide

Human Rights Council

The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva.

The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member States which are elected by the UN General Assembly. The Human Rights Council replaced the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights. It was established by the General Assembly on 15th March 2006 by resolution 60/251.

In the following year, the Council adopted its "Institution-building package" to guide its work and set up its procedures and mechanisms.

Among them were the Universal Periodic Review mechanism which serves to assess the human rights situations in all United Nations Member States, the Advisory Committee which serves as the Council’s “think tank” providing it with expertise and advice on thematic human rights issues and the Complaint Procedure which allows individuals and organizations to bring human rights violations to the attention of the Council.

Reference: The Official website of the Human Rights Council

Committee Organization

In the Human Rights Council, delegates shall represent one of the 47 current member states. The working procedure of the Committee will be led by the Committee Directors, who will also prepare the Study Guide that will be published on this website prior to the Conference.

Delegates must prepare a position paper, one for each topic, and submit it to the MUNLawS Academic team. Position papers will be reviewed and scored by the Academic team and shall greatly contribute to the final scores of delegates, upon which Committee awards will be based. Brief instructions on how to write a position paper will be attached in the Study Guides. Failure to follow these instructions or to meet the deadline for the submission of the position papers will result in negative points for the position paper.

All delegates shall present their opening statements on the discussed topic after setting the agenda. Once every delegate presents their opening statement, which must not exceed 1 minute, a general speakers list will be established and the floor shall be open to points or motions, as described in the General Rules of Procedure. Delegates recognized from the general speakers list shall have no more than one and a half minute to address the Committee.

The main goal of the Committee is to adopt a Resolution. Issues that have not been discussed during formal debate may not be included in the Resolution.

Every delegate shall read the General Rules of Procedure prior to the start of the MUNLawS Conference for further detailed description of the procedure.


Important Documents arrow_forward

Rules of Procedure, Position Paper Guidelines & Court Committees Manual


Study Guide arrow_forward

Human Rights Situation in Palestine and Other Occupied Arab Territories