Conference of the States Parties to the UNCAC
Corruption is a complex social, political and economic phenomenon that affects all countries. It undermines democratic institutions, slows economic development and contributes to governmental instability. Corruption attacks the foundation of democratic institutions by distorting electoral processes, perverting the rule of law and creating bureaucratic quagmires whose only reason for existing is the soliciting of bribes. Economic development is stunted because foreign direct investment is discouraged and small businesses within the country often find it impossible to overcome the "start-up costs" required because of corruption.
The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) entered into force in December 2005. It covers a wide-range of corruption offences, including domestic and foreign bribery, embezzlement, trading in influence and money laundering. The UNCAC provisions obligate State Parties to take a number of public and private anti-corruption measures: Prevention, Criminalisation, International Cooperation, Asset Recovery.
Pursuant to article 63 of the Convention, the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption was established to improve the capacity of and cooperation between States parties to achieve the objectives set forth in the Convention and to promote and review its implementation.
Reference: official website of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime
At the session of the Conference of the States Parties to the UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), delegates shall represent one of the 178 parties. The working procedure of the Committee will be led by the Bureau, which will also prepare the Study Guide for the chosen topic that will be published on this website prior to the Conference.
Delegates must separately prepare two position papers explaining your state’s stance on the announced topics. Both position papers shall be submitted to the MUNLawS Academic team, which will review them and score them appropriately. The written paper will importantly assist your efforts during the debate and will constitute a great part of the final score, upon which Committee awards will be based. After the agenda is set, the initial position on the selected topic will be presented to other parties in the form of opening statements, which must not exceed one minute. After establishing general speakers list, delegates recognized from it, shall have no more than one and a half minute to address the Committee. At the appropriate time, floor will be open for points and motions, when delegates will be able to set the course and influence the pace of the debate.
The delegates shall aim to adopt two resolutions, one for each of the topics, and shall make every effort to adopt decision on all matters of substance by consensus. If the latter cannot be reached, such decisions shall be taken by vote and each party shall have one vote. Only the issues discussed during the formal debate taking place in the Committee room are allowed to be included in the final document.
The Rules of Procedure for the Conference of the States Parties to the UNCAC will serve as the basis for committee’s conduct of work. Every delegate shall therefore read them for further detailed description of the procedure.